Wushu, also referred to as kung fu, is the collective term for  the martial arts practices that originated in China. Over its  long history, wushu developed into numerous distinct styles  and systems, each incorporating its own techniques, tactics,  principles and methods, as well as the use of a wide variety  of traditional weapons. Wushu as a sport came into its own as two distinct disciplines: taolu, defined by performance routines,  and sanda, a full-contact combat sport.